Monas was built by first Indonesia president Sukarno instruction to 2 architects from 1961-1965 and inaugurated publicly by second president Suharto on 1975 . Monas design is based on Sukarno’s concept of universal eternal partner in the form of Linga and Yoni . The Obelish Monument described as phallus. This phallus symbolizes the men who have masculine elements are active and positive. This phallus symbolizes the daytime too. Medium court of the cup Yoni obelisk symbolizes the foundation of women who have a feminine element is passive and negative. Yoni denoted night. linga and yoni is a symbol of fertility and harmonious unity of complementary during the prehistoric Indonesia. In addition, the form of the National Monument may be interpreted as a pair of rice pestle in traditional Indonesian peasant households. The design of this monument was infested from typical dimensions of Indonesian culture. The Obelisk monument consists of 117.7 meters above the runway as high as 17 meters square court of the cup. This monument was covered with marble from Italy.
The water pool at Taman Medan Merdeka Utara with a size of 25 x 25 meters was designed as an air-conditioning system as well as enhancing the Monument Park view. Nearby are the fountain and statue of Prince Diponegoro who was riding a horse. This sculpture is made of bronze weighing eight tons. This statue was created by Italian sculptor, Prof. Coberlato, as a contribution from the Consulate General Honores Dr. Mario Bross in Indonesia. The entrance monument located at Medan Merdeka Utara park near the statue of Prince Diponegoro. The entrance through the tunnel is located three meters below the Monas park and cross the street to the entrance that serves visitors to the monument Monas. Entrance ticket booth located at the end of the tunnel. When visitors climb back up to ground level on the north side of the monument, they can continue with a tour of the history of Indonesian struggle relief when entering into a museum of national history through the door in the northeast corner, or straight up into the middle towards the independence. In addition, visitors can use the lift to get to the top of the monument courtyard
At the outdoor courtyard’s every corner that surrounds the monument there are reliefs depicting the history of Indonesia. Relief is originated in the northeast corner of the archipelago which perpetuate past glories. Relief showing the history of Kingdom of Singhasari and Majapahit. This relief also continues clockwise towards the corner of the southeast, southwest, and northwest. Chronologically this relief depicts the Dutch colonial period, people’s resistance and the Indonesian national hero. In addition, they tell the formation of modern organizations that fight for Indonesia’s independence in the early 20th century, the Youth Pledge, Japanese occupation and World War II, the proclamation of independence of Indonesia followed the Revolution and War of Indonesia Independence, to achieve future development of modern Indonesia. Reliefs and sculptures made of cement pipes or metal skeleton. Unfortunately some of the statues began damaged by the rain and hot weather
At the base of the monument with a depth of three meters below ground level, there is the Indonesia National History Museum. The room is large sized history museum area of 80 x 80 meters is able to accommodate visitors as many as 500 people. Not only that, the rooms are large marble museum there are 48 dioramas on all four sides and three diorama in the middle, so in total there are 51 dioramas. This diorama featuring the history of Indonesia since pre-history to the New Order. This diorama started from the northeast corner of moving clockwise trace the history of Indonesia. This historical journey starts from the prehistoric, ancient kingdoms such as Srivijaya and Majapahit, the Europeans during the colonial period, the resistance of the national hero against the VOC and the Dutch East Indies. Diorama was held until the Indonesian national movement early 20th century, the Japanese occupation, the war of independence, revolution, until the New Order regime under President Soeharto
In the cup of Independence monument are the amphitheater-shaped room. This room can be reached via the spiral stairs from the north and south side of the door. This room stores symbol statehood and independence of the Republic of Indonesia. Among these original proclamation manuscript of Indonesian Independence stored in a glass box in gold-plated gate. In addition, there is Indonesia’s national symbol, a map of the islands of the Republic of Indonesia gilded, and the red and white flag, and walls inscribed with the text of the of Indonesian Independence Proclamation. Jakarta Space of Independence National Monument is commonly used as a quiet room for a moment of silence and meditation in memory the nature of freedom and the struggle of the Indonesian nation. The gate of the storage place the original copy of the proclamation that operate mechanically, is made of bronze weighing four tons. This bronze gilded ornate carved Wijaya Kusuma flower that symbolizes eternity, and the lotus flower symbolizing purity. The door is located on a black marble wall on the west side is right in the middle of the room. The door is known as the Gate of Independence, which mechanically opens while play the song “In thee Affairs” followed by the recording sound of Bung Karno while reading out the proclamation of 17 August 1945. On the south side there is a statue of Garuda Pancasila. Indonesia’s national symbol, is made of bronze weighing 3.5 tons of gold-plated. On the east side there is a written copy of the proclamation lettered bronze, supposedly showing the Sang Saka Merah Putih flag being hoisted on 17 Agustus1945. However, because the condition is getting old and frail, this flag was not shown. The north side of this black marble wall featuring gilded archipelago, which symbolizes the location of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia
Lift on the south side of the door will take visitors to the peak courtyard measuring 11 x 11 meters at an altitude of 115 meters above the ground. The elevator transport has a capacity of 11 all people. Monas peak courtyard can accommodate about 50 people, besides there are binoculars to see the panorama Jakarta closer. Elevators around the body there is the emergency staircase made of iron. From the top of Monas monument, visitors can enjoy spectacular views across the city. When the weather conditions without haze, in the direction to the south visible from a distance Mount Salak in Bogor regency, West Java, was from the north stretches of open sea with small islands.
At the top of the cup there is a National Monument that sustains the bronze flame weighing 14.5 tons of gold plated 35 Kilogram. The torch flames has high as 14 meters and a diameter of 6 meters consists of 77 sections joined together. Flames as a symbol of the fighting spirit of the Indonesian people who want to achieve independence. Initially bronze flame coated gold sheet weighing 35 kilograms. However, to welcome the celebration of half a century (50 years) of Indonesian independence in 1995, the gold leaf is recoated so weighed 50 kilograms